[Source: ICS] The maritime security situation off the West Coast of Africa is complex and dynamic. BMP – West Africa (WA) has been produced to help ships and seafarers avoid becoming the victims of maritime security incidents in these waters. This publication aims to help ships plan their voyage and to detect, avoid, deter, delay and report attacks.

Experience has shown that application of the recommendations in this publication makes a significant difference to the safety of seafarers.The BMP contained in this publication mitigate the risk from piracy and armed robbery. However, differences in attack methods from other threats may require other forms of mitigation.

The consequences of not adopting effective security measures can be severe. Some pirates have subjected crew to violence and other ill treatment and extended periods of captivity. Other attacks have demonstrated an intent to damage ships, seize the cargo and endanger life.

Other maritime crime in the region, such as the trafficking of firearms, humans and narcotics, migrant smuggling and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, can contribute to insecurity.

The Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade-Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG) website should be consulted for advice. See annex A for contact details.

Download BMP West Africa from the website of ICS (International Chamber of Shipping) which is one of the BMP producers.